When a company tries to force a worker to join a union to keep his job, that worker has the opportunity to take his case to an employment policy tribunal. They will hear the case and may ask the employer to award compensation to the employee. Under the Trade Union and Professional Relations Act 1992, all workers are free to join a union or not, as they wish. If an employer acts against a worker shortly before the dismissal to obtain union membership, the worker can file a complaint with an employment tribunal that can order the employer to pay compensation. Dismissal for non-affiliation with a union is automatically unfair (see unauthorized justification). In this case, special minimum rates are due. If, due to union pressure, an employer dismisses a worker for non-affiliation with a union, the employer may join the union as a party to the dismissal procedure and transfer the obligation of compensation to the union. The Taft-Hartley Act also prohibits unions from imposing excessively high initiation fees as a condition of membership, in order to prevent unions from using introductory fees as a means of removing non-unionized workers from a particular sector. In addition, the National Labor Relations Act authorizes contractors to enter into pre-lease agreements in which they agree to source from a group of workers seconded by the union.
The LNRA prohibits pre-leases outside the construction industry.  The European Court of Human Rights has ruled that Article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights provides for a “negative right of association or, in other words, a right of non-membership of an association” in the Sérensen and Rasmussen/Denmark case (2006). As a result, closed transactions are illegal under section 11 of the agreement. The alliances of the International Labour Organization do not care about the legality of closed store rules and leave the issue to each nation.  The legal status of commercial contracts concluded varies considerably from country to country, from prohibitions of the agreement to comprehensive regulation of the agreement to an unmentioned agreement. A closed store, in union management relations, an agreement whereby an employer agrees to recruit – and employ – only members who have a good union reputation. Such an agreement is governed by the terms of an employment contract. n. a company that will only hire union members of their choice or in agreement with unions, whereas the Labour Management Act prohibits closed business practices. A “union shop” is a company in which the majority of workers voted to designate a union as their certified bargaining partner. When a company decides to check the union affiliations of its employees, it may indicate a specific date for the “leak.” This means that all workers who do not want to be part of the required union can leave the company, otherwise they must remain members of the union as long as the contract exists or could be dismissed. A collective agreement that requires members of a particular group of workers to become or become members of a particular union.